The following code example demonstrates How to Create a Column Chart in ASP.NET.

Basically, a column chart is a vertical bar chart. We use a column chart to display categories in rectangular manner. Furthermore, a column chart makes it easy for category-wise comparison. For instance, suppose we have data of gold medalists in a number of cities and we want to do a comparison. So, we can use a column chart in such situation. The following example demonstrates how to create a column chart for the data stored in a database table.

Database Table

The following database table is used in this example.

Database Table
Database Table


The following code shows the chart control in ASP.NET. Also note the use of various components of the chart control. For example, we use Series here to represent the data. Similarly, we can use Chart Areas to specify the styles on the complete chart area. Likewise, we can use Legend and Titles.

<%@ Page Language="C#" AutoEventWireup="true" CodeBehind="ColumnChart.aspx.cs" Inherits="ChartControl.ColumnChart" %>

<!DOCTYPE html>

<html xmlns="">
<head runat="server">
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
            <asp:Chart ID="Chart1" runat="server" height="500" Width="700" BackColor="255, 192, 192" BackGradientStyle="HorizontalCenter" BackSecondaryColor="128, 255, 255" BorderlineColor="64, 0, 64" BorderlineWidth="5" Palette="Light">
                    <asp:Series Name="Gold Medals" ChartType="Column"  XValueMember="1" YValueMembers="2"
                         MarkerStep="1" XValueType="String" YValueType="Int32" Color="Olive" LabelForeColor="DarkRed" >
                    <asp:ChartArea Name="ChartArea1" BorderColor="0, 64, 0" BorderWidth="5" BackColor="255, 255, 192" BackGradientStyle="DiagonalRight" ShadowColor="192, 255, 192">
                    <asp:Legend Name="Legend1" Alignment="Center" BackColor="255, 128, 0"
                         BorderColor="192, 64, 0" IsTextAutoFit="true" 
                         Title="City Wise Gold Medalists" TitleAlignment="Center" BackGradientStyle="TopBottom" ForeColor="192, 64, 0" TitleBackColor="255, 192, 128" TitleForeColor="192, 64, 0">
                        Text="Column Chart for City-Wise Gold Medalists"
                         Font="Arial Black" ForeColor="#f14d0e" BorderColor="192, 64, 0"
                         BackColor="255, 255, 192">


In order to fetch data from the database table, we use the disconnected approach for database access. So, we use SqlDataAdapter, and DataSet objects that represent the in-memory database. Once, we get the data in a DataSet object, we can set the DataSource property of the Chart control. Finally, we call the DataBind() method of the Chart control that displays the data in the chart.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
using System.Data;
using System.Data.SqlClient;
namespace ChartControl
    public partial class ColumnChart : System.Web.UI.Page
        SqlConnection c1;
        SqlDataAdapter da;
        DataSet ds;
        public void Connect()
            c1 = new SqlConnection(@"Data Source=(LocalDB)\MSSQLLocalDB;AttachDbFilename=C:\Users\Administrator.KAVITA-PC\Documents\d1.mdf;Integrated Security=True;Connect Timeout=30");

        public void BindChart()
            String cmd_str = "select * from GoldMedalists";
            da = new SqlDataAdapter(cmd_str, c1);
            ds = new DataSet();
            da.Fill(ds, "TP");
            Chart1.DataSource = ds;
        protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
            Chart1.ChartAreas[0].AxisX.Interval = 1;
            Chart1.ChartAreas[0].AxisY.Minimum = 1;

            Chart1.Titles[0].Font = new System.Drawing.Font("Comic Sans Ms", 20, System.Drawing.FontStyle.Bold);
            Chart1.ChartAreas[0].AxisX.Title = "City";
            Chart1.ChartAreas[0].AxisX.TitleFont = new System.Drawing.Font("Arial", 12, System.Drawing.FontStyle.Bold);
            Chart1.ChartAreas[0].AxisX.TitleForeColor = System.Drawing.Color.DarkRed;

            Chart1.ChartAreas[0].AxisY.Title = "No. of Gold Medals";
            Chart1.ChartAreas[0].AxisY.TitleFont = new System.Drawing.Font("Arial", 12, System.Drawing.FontStyle.Bold);
            Chart1.ChartAreas[0].AxisY.TitleForeColor = System.Drawing.Color.DarkRed;


An Example Demonstrating How to Create a Column Chart in ASP.NET
An Example Demonstrating How to Create a Column Chart in ASP.NET

Further Reading

Parameter and ParameterCollection in ADO.NET

Database Manipulation Using DataGrid

Example of Button and Link Button Control in ASP.NET

Example of Chart Control in ASP.NET

Creating a DataTable from a DataReader in ASP.NET