Example of Chart Control in ASP.NET


This article shows an example of Chart Control in ASP.NET. Basically, the Chart Web Control makes use of the Chart class. In fact, you can create almost any type of chart using this control.

The Chart Class

As I have said earlier, the Chart class is available in System.Web.DataVisualization namespace provides the functionality for the Chart control. Evidently, it has several collections as its properties that help us visualize the data in a graphical form.

Properties of the Chart Control

The following list provides the important properties of the Chart Web Control.

  • At first, we need to define the Series. Basically, the Series is an object for storing data points of the chart. In addition, it stores other attributes. For instance, it also stores appearance-related properties such as BackColor. Similarly, it contains properties for formatting Series Label. Particularly, it stores data points. Also, you can perform calculations on the series data. In fact, the Series property of Chart control determines the type of chart using the ChartType property. Hence, it allows you to draw a bar chart, a pie chart, a line chart, and so on.
  • Another important property is ChartAreas. In order to draw the data points on the x and y-axis, a ChartArea object represents the rectangular area. Besides the plotting of data points, the area also contains labels for the x and y-axis. In fact, you can plot any number of chart series within the same area. Moreover, you can display multiple chart areas using a Chart Control.
  • Together with Series, and ChartAreas, a Chart control also has a Titles collection. Accordingly, each Title object within the collection specifies a title for the chart. In fact, there are several features to customize a title. For instance, the title can be aligned, docked, and positioned inside or outside the plot. Further, it can display a background image or a gradient. Also, you can apply styles to the title text.
  • Furthermore, a Chart control can also have a Map Area collection. While the collection contains one or more MapArea objects that display an image map. Therefore, it also has a PostBackValue property that represents a postback value.

Legends and Annotations in the Chart Control

Basically, Legends describes a LegendCollection and contains one or more Legend objects. Like the Title object, the Legend object also has properties for customizing its appearance and position. Additionally, we can change the legend symbol to rectangle, dots, or line.

In order to make your chart self-explainatory, you can also add annotations to it. In fact, the Annotations property in the Chart control represents an AnnotationCollection that contains annotations for the chart.

Example of Chart Control

The following code shows an example of plotting a line chart using the Chart control. Since, it is a data-bound control, we can use data from a database table. Therefore, in this example, we are using a database table named TemperaturePrediction. As shown below, the table contains three fields – id, datevalue, and avg_temperature.

Since we want to plot the average temparure for different days of monthe, the datevalue field is used for x-axis values. While, the avg_temperature represents the y-values. As can be seen, the Chart control contains Series, ChartAreas, Titles, and Legends collections.


<%@ Page Language="C#" AutoEventWireup="true" CodeBehind="WebForm1.aspx.cs" Inherits="ChartControlExample.WebForm1" %>

<%@ Register Assembly="System.Web.DataVisualization, Version=, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=31bf3856ad364e35" Namespace="System.Web.UI.DataVisualization.Charting" TagPrefix="asp" %>

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html xmlns="">
<head runat="server">
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
            <asp:Chart runat="server" ID="Chart1" Width="800px" BackColor="Yellow" 
                    <asp:Series Name="Temperature" ChartType="Line" XValueMember="1" YValueMembers="2"
                         MarkerStep="1" XValueType="DateTime" YValueType="Int32" Color="#910048"
                    <asp:ChartArea Name="ChartArea1" BorderColor="Lime" BorderWidth="5">
                    <asp:Legend Name="Legend1" Alignment="Center" BackColor="YellowGreen"
                         BorderColor="DarkGreen" IsTextAutoFit="true" 
                         Title="Temperature Prediction" TitleAlignment="Center">
                        Text="Chart for Temperature Prediction in the Month of July in Delhi"
                         Font="Arial Black" ForeColor="#f14d0e" BorderColor="DarkRed"

In order to fetch, the values from database table, we use the disconnected approach. Acordingly, we create a DataSet object that contains the data. Therefore, we set the DataSource property of Chart control to the DataSet object. After that, we call the DataBind() method. As can be seen in the code, we set some of the properties dynamically. For example, we can set the Interval for x-values. Also, we can set the minimum starting value for y-axis. Likewise, we can also set the titles for x and y-axis.


using System;
using System.Data;
using System.Data.SqlClient;
using System.Web.UI.DataVisualization.Charting;

namespace ChartControlExample
    public partial class WebForm1 : System.Web.UI.Page
        SqlConnection c1;
        SqlDataAdapter da;
        DataSet ds;
        public void Connect()
            c1 = new SqlConnection(@"your connection string");
        public void BindChart()
            String cmd_str = "select * from TemperaturePrediction";
            da = new SqlDataAdapter(cmd_str, c1);
            ds = new DataSet();
            da.Fill(ds, "TP");
            Chart1.DataSource = ds;
        protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
            Chart1.ChartAreas[0].AxisX.Interval = 2;
            Chart1.ChartAreas[0].AxisY.Minimum = 20;

            Chart1.Titles[0].Font = new System.Drawing.Font("Comic Sans Ms", 20, System.Drawing.FontStyle.Bold);
            Chart1.ChartAreas[0].AxisX.Title = "Date of Month";
            Chart1.ChartAreas[0].AxisX.TitleFont = new System.Drawing.Font("Arial", 12, System.Drawing.FontStyle.Bold);
            Chart1.ChartAreas[0].AxisX.TitleForeColor = System.Drawing.Color.DarkRed;

            Chart1.ChartAreas[0].AxisY.Title = "Temperature";
            Chart1.ChartAreas[0].AxisY.TitleFont = new System.Drawing.Font("Arial", 12, System.Drawing.FontStyle.Bold);
            Chart1.ChartAreas[0].AxisY.TitleForeColor = System.Drawing.Color.DarkRed;




Example of Chart Control for Creating a Line Chart using Database Data
Example of Chart Control for Creating a Line Chart using Database Data

Database Table

Database Table used in Chart Control
Database Table used in Chart Control

Another example of the Chart Control using two database fields is available here. Likewise we can create a Column chart as described here. Similarly, we can create a pie chart also. It is shown here. Another example of Chart control that displays a Column chart is given here.

Further Reading

Parameter and ParameterCollection in ADO.NET

Database Manipulation Using DataGrid

Example of Button and Link Button Control in ASP.NET

Example of Chart Control in ASP.NET

Creating a DataTable from a DataReader in ASP.NET

Deleting a Record using DataGrid Control in ASP.NET

Edit a Record Using DataGrid Control in ASP.NET

Insert a Record Using ItemCommand Event in DataGrid

CRUD Operations with DataGrid in ASP.NET

Creating Columns in a DataGrid Control

XML Documents and DataSet in ASP.NET

Code Render Block in ASP.NET

ASP.NET Core Features and Advantages

Display Images Using DataList Control

Adding Images Using Image Control

Creating a Group of Radio Buttons Using RadioButtonList Control

Example of Button Control in ASP.NET

Using MD5 Hash Algorithm

ItemDataBound Event in DataList

More Features of DataList in ASP.NET

A Simple Example of Using a DataList Control in ASP.NET

Properties and Methods of DataList Control in ASP.NET

ASP.NET Practice Exercise

Exploring DataList Control in ASP.NET

Custom Validator Control in ASP.NET

Validation Summary Control in ASP.NET

Validation Controls Examples – RequiredFieldValidator, CompareValidator, and RangeValidator

An Example of Data Binding with RadioButtonList Control

Binding Data to Web Control in ADO.NET

Examples of AdRotator Control in ASP.NET

Examples of Validation Controls in ASP.NET

Overview of MVC architecture in ASP.NET


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