How to Read Data from Amazon DynamoDB using AWS Lambda?

This article describes How to Read Data from Amazon DynamoDB using AWS Lambda.

In order to read data from Amazon DynamoDB using AWS Lambda, you can follow these general steps. In this example, I’ll assume you have an existing DynamoDB table with the necessary read permissions.

1. Create an IAM Role for Lambda

Ensure that your Lambda function has the necessary permissions to read from DynamoDB. Create an IAM role with a policy that grants dynamodb:GetItem or dynamodb:Query permissions for the specific DynamoDB table.

Here is an example policy for reading from a specific DynamoDB table.

  "Version": "2012-10-17",
  "Statement": [
      "Effect": "Allow",
      "Action": [
      "Resource": "arn:aws:dynamodb:your-region:your-account-id:table/YourDynamoDBTableName"

2. Create a Lambda Function

Create a Lambda function using the AWS Management Console or AWS CLI. Choose a runtime (e.g., Node.js, Python, Java) based on your preference. Here’s a simple example using Node.js.

const AWS = require('aws-sdk');

const dynamoDB = new AWS.DynamoDB();

exports.handler = async (event) => {
    const params = {
        TableName: 'YourDynamoDBTableName',
        Key: {
            'YourPrimaryKeyName': { S: 'YourPrimaryKeyValue' }

    try {
        const data = await dynamoDB.getItem(params).promise();
        console.log('Data from DynamoDB:', data);
        // Process or return data as needed
    } catch (error) {
        console.error('Error reading from DynamoDB:', error);
        // Handle errors

    return {
        statusCode: 200,
        body: 'Data read from DynamoDB.'

Replace placeholders like YourDynamoDBTableName, YourPrimaryKeyName, and YourPrimaryKeyValue with your actual DynamoDB table and primary key details.

3. Configure Lambda Environment

In the Lambda function configuration, set the execution role to the IAM role you created in step 1. Also, ensure that the Lambda function has the necessary environment variables and permissions to access other AWS services.

4. Test the Lambda Function

Test your Lambda function using the Lambda Management Console or the AWS CLI. Ensure that the function can read data from DynamoDB successfully.

5. Set Up Trigger (Optional)

If you want the Lambda function to be triggered by an event (e.g., an API Gateway request, S3 event, etc.), set up the trigger accordingly.

6. Deploy the Lambda Function

Deploy your Lambda function to make it available for execution.

7. Monitor and Troubleshoot

Monitor your Lambda function using AWS CloudWatch logs and metrics. Set up appropriate logging and error handling to troubleshoot issues if they arise.

Remember to follow best practices for security, error handling, and performance optimization when deploying Lambda functions in production.

Further Reading

JUnit Tutorial

What are Spot Instances in AWS?

How to Create Permission Policies in AWS?

Boto3 and its Features

How to Create an AWS Spot Instance?

GetObject and PutObject Permissions in Amazon S3

Features of AWS Lambda

Which Front End Technology is Better: Angular or React?

20+ Interview Questions on Go Programming Language

100+ MCQs On Java Architecture

How to Deploy a Machine Learning Model?

Java Practice Exercise

An Example of Auto Scaling Using AWS Lambda

How to Create a Web Application Using a Trained Machine Learning Model?



You may also like...

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *